The Sukhoi Su-30M is a multi-role two-seater fighter, broadly comparable to the American F-15E. The Su-30MK is the export version of the aircraft. The fighter is a development of the Su-27 (Flanker) family, designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau of Moscow and is manufactured by the Irkut Corporation.
The aircraft is equipped with similar avionics and thrust vectoring as the Su-37, for superior combat agility and manoeuvrability. The aircraft is armed with precision anti-surface missiles and has a stand-off launch range of 120km.
The Indian Air Force ordered 40 aircraft in 1996 and an additional ten aircraft in 1998. 18 Su-30K have been delivered which will be upgraded to MKI standard, starting in 2006.
"The Sukhoi Su-30M is a multi-role two-seater fighter, broadly comparable to the American F-15E."
First deliveries of ten Su-30MKI full specification aircraft with thrust vectoring and phased array radar took place in September 2002 and deliveries were completed in December 2004.
Hindustani Aeronautics (HAL) is also contracted to build 140 aircraft in India between 2003 and 2017, under a licensed production agreement. The first indigenously assembled aircraft was delivered in November 2004.
38 Su-30MKK and 24 navalised Su-30MK2 aircraft, which do not have thrust vectoring capability, are in service with the Chinese Air Force.
In 2003, Malaysia ordered 18 Su-30MKM aircraft. The first two were delivered in May 2007. Four more were delivered in 2007 and four in March 2008 Deliveries are scheduled to conclude by the end of 2008. Also in 2003, Indonesia ordered two Su-30MKK aircraft. A further three Su-30MK2 aircraft were ordered in August 2007.
In March 2006, Algeria placed an order for 28 Su-30MKA aircraft. The first was delivered in December 2007. In July 2006, Venezuela placed a contract for 24 Su-30MKI aircraft. The first eight were delivered in May 2007 and deliveries concluded in August 2008. An order for 12 additional aircraft is planned.
The pilots are seated in tandem. The Su-30MKI for the Indian Air Force is fitted with an avionics suite developed by Ramenskoye Design Bureau (RPKB). The displays include a Thales (formerly Sextant Avionique) VEH3000 head up display and seven liquid crystal multifunction displays, six 127mm×127mm and one 152mm×152mm. The Su-30MKI has a high-accuracy Sagem Totem integrated global positioning system and ring laser gyroscope inertial navigation system.
The rear cockpit is fitted with a larger monochromatic screen display for the air-to-surface missile guidance
The Su-30M can be equipped with a Phazotron N010 Zhuk-27 radar or a NIIP N011M BARS pulse Doppler phased array radar. The Su-30MKI is fitted with the N011M, which can track up to 15 targets simultaneously. The sensors include a rear facing radar installed in the tailcone.
The aircraft is fitted with a 30mm GSh-301 gun with 150 rounds of ammunition.
The aircraft has 12 hardpoints for external payloads up to 8,000kg and can carry one or two mission pods such as a laser designator or an anti-radiation missile guidance system.
The Malaysian Su-30MKM is fitted with the Thales Damocles laser designator pod.
The Su-30M, like the Su-30, can engage two airborne targets simultaneously. The aircraft can be armed with up to six medium-range air-to-air missiles such as the R-27RE (Nato codename AA-10C Alamo-C), the R27TE (AA-10D Alamo-D) or the Vympel RVV-AE (AA-12 Adder).
"The Su-30 can be armed with six medium-range air-to-air missiles such as the R-27RE."
An alternative air-to-air missile fit is two AA-10D Alamo medium-range and six close-range Vympel R-73E (Nato AA-11 Archer) infrared homing missiles.
The aircraft has a TV command guidance system. The air-to-surface missile fits include four anti-radiation missiles, six laser-guided short-range missiles or six short-range anti-surface missiles with television controlled homing.
The aircraft has a stand-off launch range of up to 120km. For long-range anti-surface capability the aircraft is armed with two TV command guided missiles such as the Kh-29 (AS-14 Kedge) with a 317kg penetrating warhead, the Zvezda Kh-31A (AS-17 Krypton) or the Raduga Kh-59M (AS-18 Kazoo).
For anti-surface ship missions the aircraft is armed with a one Raduga 3M80E Moskit supersonic anti-ship missile.
Indian Su-30MKI fighters are to be fitted with the Brahmos cruise missile, jointly developed by India and Russia. Brahmos has a range of 290km and a warhead of up to 350kg.
Other possible anti-surface weapon fits include bombs, rockets and rocket pods. The aircraft can carry AB-500, KAB-500KR and KAB-1500KR bombs, 80mm and 130mm rocket packs, and S-25 250mm rockets.
The aircraft's integrated electronic warfare system includes a Tarang radar warning system, indigenously produced by the Indian Defence R&D Organisation (DRDO), and systems supplied by Israeli manufacturers.
The Malaysian Su-30MKM is fitted with a missile approach warning system and laser warner by Saab Avitronics in South Africa.
The Su-30MK is powered by two Saturn AL-37FP thrust vectoring engines, as installed on the Su-37 aircraft. The aircraft's flight control system computes and manages the adjustment of the thrust and the vectoring for each engine. The nozzles are directed through ±15° in pitch. In an emergency, such as a system failure, the nozzles are returned hydraulically to a level flight position.
"Other possible anti-surface weapon fits for the Su-30 include bombs, rockets and rocket pods."
The aircraft normally carries 5,090kg of fuel in three integral fuel tanks in the fuselage and a single integral split tank with each half installed in the outer wings. The maximum fuel capacity of the aircraft is 9,400kg.
The aircraft is equipped with a flight refuelling probe and a buddy-buddy refuelling system.
The combat range of the aircraft on internal fuel is 3,000km. With a single in-flight refuelling procedure the combat range is extended to 5,200km.
The aircraft has hydraulically retractable tricycle-type landing gear supplied by Hydromash. The main landing gear, fitted with KT-156D single wheels, turns through 90° to retract forward into the bay in the wingroot. The main landing gear is fitted with hydraulically operated carbon disc brakes with an electric brake cooling fan and an anti-skid system.
The single KND-27 nosewheel is hydraulically steerable and is forward retracting. A brake parachute compartment is installed in the tailcone at the rear of the fuselage.